Dupont Chemical C8 contamination
News from Jul - Dec 2004

Dec 16:  U.S. EPA, DuPont go to court over reporting of chemical used in Teflon

WASHINGTON, DC -- "Attorneys for DuPont Co. strongly denied at a federal hearing Thursday that the company had improperly withheld information about environmental and possible health effects of a chemical used to make Teflon. The company did not notify federal regulators on several occasions when the chemical, perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), was found in public water supplies near its factory in Parkersburg, W.Va., starting in 1984," Tom Avril, Knight Riddern.
Dec 9:  Center for Science in the Public Interest, Environmental Working Group challenge two scientists on U.S. EPA panel

Merrill Goozner
Merrill Goozner was Ohio Citizen Action's first Cincinnati organizer.
Committee on Teflon toxic larded with industry scientists

WASHINGTON, DC -- "In a letter sent to EPA administrator Michael Leavitt and the staff organizing the committee, the Center for Science in the Public Interest and the Environmental Working Group called for removing Michigan State University professor John P. Giesy, who four years ago conducted 3M’s $1.3-million study of the toxicity of the chemical, perfluorooctanoic acid. The groups also called for removing Pfizer chemist John C. Cook from the panel. Prior to working for Pfizer, Dr. Cook spent many years working for DuPont, which still makes PFOA to use in its Teflon manufacturing plants,'" Merrill Goozner, Center for Science in the Public Interest, Dr. Timothy Kropp, Environmental Working Group.
Dec 6:  U.S. EPA files new claim alleging DuPont withheld PFOA information

WASHINGTON, DC -- "Today, the U.S. EPA filed a new claim against DuPont seeking penalties for withholding the results of human blood sampling information that demonstrates levels of perfluorooctanoic acid in individuals living near a DuPont Facility in West Virginia. The administrative complaint seeks penalties of up to $32,500 per day from as early as Aug. 28, 2004 through Oct. 12, 2004, for failing to report this substantial risk information under the Toxic Substances Control Act. The U.S. EPA received this information, which should have been reported immediately by DuPont, several weeks after DuPont allegedly received the results," John Millett, U.S. EPA.
Nov 26:  DuPont didn’t disclose reports on Teflon risks, officials charge

COLUMBUS -- "Federal officials are again accusing DuPont of illegally withholding information about the possible health risks of a chemical used to make Teflon. . . .This week, EPA attorneys said DuPont completed another study in July but didn't report it. The accusation appeared in documents filed in an administrative court in Washington. That could mean more fines for DuPont, which says that C8 isn’t a threat and that it has done nothing wrong. . . 'EPA will allege that this new information that DuPont obtained on or about July 29, 2004, but failed to report to EPA, supports a conclusion of a substantial risk of injury to human health,' federal attorneys wrote," Spencer Hunt, Columbus Dispatch. Access fee; no link.
Nov 25:  Alarm bells silent on Teflon

KWAZULU-NATAL, SOUTH AFRICA -- "Several thousand man-made chemicals have been produced in recent decades, and subjecting each one to extensive safety tests is impossible. Peter Montague, editor of Rachel's Health and Environment Weekly, notes that even if 1 000 of these chemicals were properly tested, it would be impossible to test the 'cocktail effects' of mixing them up with each other. 'There are 41 billion possible combinations of 1,000 chemicals taken in groups of four. So even if we could test a million combinations a year, which we can't, it would take 41,000 years to complete such a battery of tests,'" Daily News and Independent.

WILMINGTON, DE -- U.S. EPA raises C-8 reporting concerns, Jeff Montgomery, Wilmington News Journal.
Nov 23:  More residents to be tested for chemical under DuPont settlement

CHARLESTON, W.Va. -- "Almost $70 million of a legal settlement with DuPont Co. will pay for blood tests on up to 80,000 people in West Virginia and Ohio who drank water contaminated with a chemical used to make Teflon, according to court documents. The chemical giant agreed to settle claims that the chemical called C8 has contaminated local water supplies close to its Washington Works plant near Parkersburg, W.Va., along the Ohio River. DuPont maintains that the chemical, also known as perfluorooctanoic acid or PFOA, does not pose a health problem. Tests will be conducted on about 80,000 people, up from the previous estimate of 50,000, to include current customers of area water districts, former customers of those suppliers and residents with private wells. Legal notices will be published notifying the customers of the Lubeck and Mason County public service districts in West Virginia. In Ohio, the water districts are the Little Hocking Water Association, City of Belpre, Tuppers Plains-Chester Water District and Pomeroy," Akron Beacon Journal.
Nov 22:  Green chemistry takes root

MCLEAN, VA -- ". . . keeping the planet safe doesn't have to mean giving up non-stick pans and Gore-Tex. Typically the non-stick coating Teflon is manufactured in water, requiring a particularly nasty chemical called PFOA. But by re-thinking the fundamental way that the molecules making up Teflon are put together, Joseph DeSimone and his colleagues at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill instead found a way to do it in carbon dioxide, the stuff you'd find in tanks at McDonald's to put the fizz in soda. Carbon dioxide, it turns out, works so much better as a manufacturing medium for Teflon that no PFOA is required. DuPont has invested $275 million in a plant in North Carolina that makes one form of Teflon using this PFOA-free method, possibly saving a fortune in long-term cleanup costs," Elizabeth Weise, USA Today.
Nov 18:  DuPont faces new complaint

Book cover
Memo to DuPont CEO Charles Holliday: Please read the book, 'Walking the Talk: The Business Case for Sustainable Development,' on which you are listed as co-author.
Group says firm withheld plaintiffs' blood test results

WASHINGTON, DC -- "Chemical giant DuPont Co. withheld information from federal officials that indicates a dozen residents near its Parkersburg, W.Va., plant have high blood levels of perfluorooctanoic acid, an ingredient used to make Teflon that in animal studies has been linked to cancer and birth defects, an environmental advocacy group said yesterday," Juliet Eilperin, Washington Post.

CHARLESTON, WV -- DuPont found high C8 in blood, study shows, Ken Ward Jr., Charleston Gazette.

WILMINGTON, DE -- DuPont accused of deceit on C-8; Group says report withheld from EPA, Jeff Montgomery, News Journal.

WASHINGTON, DC -- Environmental Working Group uncovers another suppressed Teflon study; Health study emerges just before start of court case over similar omissions, Lauren Sucher, release, Environmental Working Group.
Oct 11:  Health fears
Makers of Teflon saddled with suits

COLUMBUS -- "Edward Emmett, a University of Pennsylvania professor of occupational medicine, has an $800,000 federal grant to study the chemical's potential health effects. He's trying to find whether people living near DuPont's Washington Works plant experience the same toxic effects from C8 as lab rats. About 60,000 people in West Virginia and Ohio joined the DuPont lawsuit after they learned their drinking water and air were contaminated. 'There are components of liver cells . . . in rats that really get turned on and multiply in the presence of PFOA [C8],' Emmett said," Spencer Hunt, Columbus Dispatch. Access fee; no link.
Oct 1:  Chemical in Teflon, other goods is turning up in disturbing places

PHILADELPHIA, PA -- "More than 65 years ago in a south New Jersey laboratory, a DuPont chemist accidentally invented a waxy, white powder that would become one of the mainstays of the modern kitchen: Teflon. Today, this nonstick marvel is getting attention far beyond the stovetop. A chemical used to make it, perfluorooctanoic acid — PFOA — has been turning up in people and animals worldwide: river otters in Oregon, polar bears in the Canadian Arctic and in the blood of 96 percent of children tested in 23 states. Meanwhile, industry, university and government scientists are hard at work trying to solve the other mystery: How do PFOA and other perfluorochemicals get into people to begin with? Could it be from the water? The air? Dust from vacuuming stain-resistant carpets? Suddenly, it's a hot research topic. The perfluorochemicals are heralded for their durability and nonstick qualities, but some of them may be sticking around too long," Tom Avril, The Seattle Times.
Sep 26:  Suit claims chemicals cause cancer
3M lawsuit draws a crowd

Crowd lines up to join suit
More than 150 people wait in line Friday to join lawsuit against 3M Company (Photo by John Godbey).
DECATUR, AL -- "At issue is a family of synthetic chemicals used in the manufacture of Teflon and previously used in 3M's Scotchgard and many other nonstick and stain-resistant products. According to some experts, these sulfonated perfluorochemicals, called PFCs, cause cancer. . . .Vanessa Chandler, Woodrow Johnson and Stanley Martin are the named plaintiffs in the suit. In their complaint against 3M and several of its officers, the Decatur residents claim environmental tests performed last month revealed high levels of PFCs in their soil. All live near the 3M plant on State Docks Road in Northwest Decatur. The plant is about 1½ miles from Leon Sheffield Elementary School. The plaintiffs alleged the presence of the chemical has damaged the value of their property," Eric Fleischauer, Decatur Daily.
Sep 18:  Teflon mystery raises safety questions

The acid is in the environment and in children's blood, but scientists don't know how it got there. The health risks are unknown.

PHILADELPHIA, PA -- "Today, this nonstick marvel is getting attention far beyond the stove-top. A chemical used to make it, perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), has been turning up in people and animals worldwide: river otters in Oregon, polar bears in the Canadian Arctic, and in the blood of 96 percent of children tested in 23 states. . . .the hardy substance does not break down in the environment. And it has been linked to liver and developmental problems in lab rats, prompting an unusually broad review by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. . . .the half-life of PFOA in humans is believed to be about four years, meaning it takes that long for people to flush half of the chemical out of their systems. Rats get rid of the chemical in a matter of days, leaving the interspecies comparisons open to a wide range of educated guesswork," Tom Avril, Philadelphia Inquirer.
Sep 14:  Settlement won't stop DuPont's chemical fight

CHARLESTON, WV -- "Despite a tentative lawsuit settlement that could cost it $343 million, chemical giant DuPont vowed this week to continue to fight allegations that its C8 chemical is harmful. DuPont officials said that they would continue to challenge federal regulators, who say the company concealed information about the chemical's hazards. At its Washington Works plant, south of Parkersburg, DuPont has used C8 for more than 50 years in the production of Teflon. For years, C8 - and DuPont's emissions of it into the air and water - have been basically unregulated. But in the past few years, C8 has come under increasing scrutiny. In September 2002, the EPA launched an unusual "priority review" of the chemicals, in response to studies that linked it to development and reproductive problems, liver toxicity and cancer. The EPA repeatedly has delayed the release of results of that review," Billings Gazette.
Sep 10:  DuPont OKs C8 suit settlement

An internal company memorandum dated May 23, 1984, and marked “Personal & Confidential,” DuPont officials had concluded that the chemical C8 “is moderately toxic” and “has an estimated biological half life of two years in human blood.”
CHARLESTON, WV -- "The settlement of a class-action lawsuit worth nearly $343 million was agreed to Thursday between DuPont and as many as 60,000 area residents who claim a chemical in their drinking water is a risk to their health. The settlement must still be approved by a Wood County Circuit Court judge, but if approved it means the company would provide for a cleanup of water systems contaminated with C8 and establish an unbiased scientific panel to look for links between C8 exposure and human disease. More than 12,000 Washington County residents have some level of C8 in their drinking water. If a link is found, residents with a disease or health problem related to C8 could seek additional compensation beyond the $343 million settlement. However, if no link is established, the company would be free from any future lawsuits, said Harry Deitzler, one of the lawyers for the residents," Justin McIntosh, Marietta Times.

CHARLESTON, WV -- DuPont agrees to pay $107 million, Ken Ward Jr, Charleston Gazette.

PARKERSBURG, WV -- DuPont's $100M Settlement, Pamela Brust, Parkersburg News and Sentinel.

CHARLESTON, WV -- Settlement in DuPont Water Suit, Michael Janofsky, New York Times.
Sep 9:  DuPont offers to settle C8 case for up to nearly $343 million

CHARLESTON, WV -- "DuPont agreed on Thursday to pay as much as $343 million to settle a class-action lawsuit alleging the chemical giant contaminated drinking water supplies in West Virginia and Ohio with a key ingredient of its Teflon product. A circuit judge must still approve the terms reached between DuPont and lawyers for as many as 60,000 residents in the area around its Washington Works plant on the Ohio River near Parkersburg. The residents sued over exposure to the chemical C8, also known as ammonium perfluorooctanoate or PFOA. If approved, the settlement would fund a $5 million study into whether C8 causes disease in humans. If a scientific panel finds such a link, DuPont would pay up to $235 million –– the bulk of the potential settlement –– on medical tests of residents to monitor their health. DuPont would spend another $10 million to remove as much C8 from the area's water supply as possible by building state-of-the-art water treatment plants in two West Virginia and four Ohio water districts. The proposed settlement also includes $70 million that DuPont would pay into a fund to be overseen by a court-appointed administrator. At least $20 million of that would pay for health and education projects. Another $22.6 million of the potential settlement is earmarked for lawyers' fees and expenses. 'We strongly believe that this settlement is in the best interests of the class,' said Harry Deitzler, one of the lawyers for the residents. 'Had it been litigated, we wouldn't be at this point for another two years,'" Lawrence Messina, Associated Press.

WASHINGTON, DC -- Statement by Environmental Working Group President Ken Cook on DuPont's settlement of potentially $342 million with the people of Parkersburg, Marietta and surrounding communities. "DuPont wouldn¹t have settled for up to $342 million dollars with the people of Parkesburg, Marietta and surrounding areas if company officials didn¹t think they were guilty of polluting local tap water and the people themselves. The DuPont's cover-up is costing the company far more than it planned ($45 million), and the company¹s legacy of polluting the entire world with a highly persistent toxic chemical will cost its reputation and bottom line far more in the future. The residents who had the courage to stand up to a powerful corporate polluter deserve praise for getting a measure of justice and bringing out the truth. The most important thing now is that the 'independent panel' be truly independent of DuPont's reach," full statement.
Aug 31:  DuPont rejects mediation on C-8 charge
EPA says the company failed to properly report problem in W.Va.

WASHINGTON, W. VA -- "The DuPont Co. has decided against a brokered out-of-court resolution in a federal case that accuses the company of failing to report health and environmental threats from the release of a chemical used to make Teflon. The EPA in July accused DuPont of failing to properly report the discovery of perfluorooctanoic acid, also called PFOA or C-8, in drinking water near the company's Washington, W.Va., plant. Regulators also said the company failed to properly report findings that PFOA had crossed the placenta of a pregnant worker, potentially contaminating the blood of her fetus. The EPA currently is investigating how C-8 enters the environment, and its possible health risks. The study was undertaken in part because of the chemical's widespread presence at low levels in human blood and by links to cancer, birth defects and other health problems in rats," Jeff Montgomery, Delaware News Journal.
Aug 17: For DuPont, the C-8 controversy is going to stick around

WILMINGTON, DE -- "The DuPont Co. should issue its executives boots lined with Kevlar, the fabric used in bulletproof vests. Every time the subject of C-8 comes up, they shoot themselves in the foot," Al Mascitti, column, Delaware News-Journal.
Aug 16: Teflon questions

BOSTON, MA -- "Whatever is decided about PFOA [perfluorooctanoic acid, also known as "C-8"] has implications for a wide range of non-Teflon products also made with PFCs [perfluorated chemicals], such as Gore-Tex and Stainmaster. Regulators have banned other persistent chemicals that were only suspected, not proven, causes of human cancer. The U.S. EPA should speed up its investigation to determine whether PFOA deserves the same fate," editorial, Boston Globe.
Aug 15: Former 3M chemicals showing up in remote places

MINNEAPOLIS, MA -- "Maplewood-based 3M Co. stopped making the chemicals behind such products as Teflon and Scotchgard four years ago, but the compounds are showing up everywhere from polar bears in Alaska and birds in the Pacific Ocean to remote Minnesota lakes," Associated Press.
Aug 13: U.S. EPA stands by action on C-8

WILMINGTON, DE -- "Federal regulators said Thursday that despite claims by the DuPont Co. that it acted properly, they will continue to pursue action against the chemical company for failing to report potential problems with a chemical used in Teflon production. DuPont officials late Wednesday rejected the Environmental Protection Agency accusations and sought a hearing on the alleged violations," Jeff Montgomery, Delaware News-Journal.
Aug 8:  DuPont, now in the frying pan

Robert Griffin
Robert Griffin
NEW YORK, NY -- "'We've been exposed since at least 1984,' said Robert Griffin, general manager of the Little Hocking Water Association, which serves about 4,000 homes in rural Washington County, Ohio, directly across the Ohio River from DuPont's Washington Works plant. 'The community could have dealt with it back then, but DuPont saw fit not to inform us.' In June, Mr. Griffin included a warning in his annual water quality report to customers. It stated, in bold capital letters, that until the issue was resolved, 'You are drinking this water at your own risk,'" Amy Cortese, New York Times.

LONDON, ENGLAND -- Teflon linked to birth defects and illness, Michael Day, Telegraph.
Teflon logoAug 3: Is this the best time for Dupont to be bragging about Teflon being everywhere?

WILMINGTON, DE -- Dupont's Teflon website includes a demonstration of how Teflon products surround the average family. Given the recent news about C8 contamination, did the company think their display would be reassuring or disturbing?
Aug 1: Compounds seen in people worldwide
C-8-type chemicals found in humans

WILMINGTON, DE -- "The international research project found levels of PFOA were highest among Korean women. The same chemical was found in 100 percent of blood tested from Kentucky, New York City, United Kingdom, Colombia, Poland and Belgium," Jeff Montgomery, Delaware News-Journal.
Jul 31: DuPont faces class-action suit on Teflon

Elecpro logoHONG KONG, CHINA -- "While mass panic in China over DuPont's Teflon-coated cookware lifts sales of iron woks and ceramic rice cookers, some non-stick cookware-makers in Guangdong are planning a class-action suit against the United States giant for losses. Elecpro Electrical Appliance, a potmaker in Guangdong's Foshan city, says it will seek US$10 million compensation from DuPont if Teflon, which contains perfluorooctanoic acid or PFOA, proves to be hazardous to humans. According to the Guangzhou-based Nanfang Daily, Elecpro manager Zhang Debiao urged other cookware producers who use Teflon to join the class action. Zhang said the company has suspended work on a new US$20 million Teflon cookware production line because of poor sales. . . . In Beijing, Jian's Household [Electrical Appliances Manufactory]'s sales of clay cookers rose 50 per cent in the past four weeks, [manger Jin Wenzhen] said," Pamela Pun, The Standard.
Jul 30: Teflon chemicals found in human blood in four continents

BEIJING, CHINA -- "Studies show that in most of the cases, a non-stick cookware with Teflon coating can release toxic particles and gases in two to five minutes. Now the question is should you stick to the use of non-stick pans?" Xinhua.
Jul 29: DuPont sets aside $45 million for lawsuit

Dupont logoMARIETTA -- "A lawyer representing citizens in the case said the fund is irrelevant to the plaintiffs. 'That's an internal thing for DuPont,' said Harry Deitzler, a Charleston, W.Va., lawyer helping represent the citizens against the company. 'Whatever a company does internally really is irrelevant to anyone outside of the company. It has no bearing on the decision-making process.' . . . 'It is amazing that DuPont is willing to put up this much money to fight a legal battle, rather than take responsibility for polluting the bodies of people in Ohio and West Virginia as well as the rest of the nation,' said Lauren Sucher, communications director of the Environmental Working Group. Sucher said the group would prefer that DuPont put more money into seeking alternatives for the chemical," Jessica Burchard, Marietta Times.

WASHINGTON, WV -- DuPont to use $45 million for defense, Parkersburg News and Sentinel.
Jul 28: Teflon maker sets aside $45 million for C8 defense

Teflon invention

Jack Rebok, left, and Roy Plunkett, right, with another chemist, Bob McHarness, reenact the 1938 discovery of Teflon at the Jackson Laboratory, Du Pont Chambers Works, Deepwater, New Jersey.

CHARLESTON, WV -- "Clifton Webb, a DuPont spokesman, said that he could not provide a detailed explanation for why the company decided to list a specific dollar figure now. . . . Generally accepted accounting principles require companies to report liabilities, including environmental liabilities, in their financial statements if those liabilities' occurrence are 'probable' and their amounts are 'reasonably estimable,' according to a recent Government Accountability Office report," Ken Ward Jr., Charleston Gazette.
Jul 27: Teflon and Scotchgard, found from the Arctic to Lake Michigan, are raising health concerns

Marvel chemicals pop up in animals all over world

Polar bear

CHICAGO, IL -- "Researchers have detected [Chemicals used to make Teflon and Scotchgard] in polar bears roaming near the Arctic Circle, dolphins swimming in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Italy and gulls flying above ocean cliffs outside Tokyo. Known as perfluoronated compounds, the chemicals also were recently detected for the first time in the Great Lakes, one-fifth of the Earth's fresh water and the source of drinking water for more than 7 million people in Illinois and 33 million others in the United States and Canada. . . . Perfluoronated compounds have been found in the blood of virtually every person tested for them in the United States, including children as young as 2. . . . 'There are rocks that break down faster than these compounds,' said Timothy Kropp, senior scientist at the Environmental Working Group, a non-profit research organization in Washington that has urged the EPA to ban perfluoronated compounds. 'The very thing that makes them good for industry makes them bad for people.' Pressed by the EPA to contain the original formulation of Scotchgard, 3M decided in May 2000 to stop making perfluoronated compounds. The chemicals still are synthesized by a handful of other companies, including DuPont, the maker of Teflon and Stainmaster products. . . .A DuPont spokeswoman said the company was unaware of the Great Lakes studies and could not comment," Michael Hawthorne, Chicago Tribune.
Jul 23: Stop poisoning water

Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA),
also known as "C8"
C8 molecule
CHARLESTON, WV -- "No matter how much money changes hands, what are the people of Washington and Lubeck drinking? People near the plant remain on their own, as far as drinking water goes. Maybe the state Bureau of Public Health might have a protective role here. At the very least, the company [Dupont Chemical] must be required to stop releasing more C8 into the surrounding environment, where it finds its way into living organs with consequences that humans do not yet understand. Who knows if C8 can be removed from rivers and groundwater once it is introduced? But the physical environment is much like a human body. It has an amazing capacity to heal, if it doesn’t suffer repeated injury," editorial, Charleston Gazette.
Jul 22: Teflon comes unstuck in China 'mass panic'

Standard masthead

HONG KONG, CHINA -- "Concerns about the safety of non-stick cookware coated with DuPont's Teflon have triggered what a company spokeswoman called a 'mass panic' among Chinese consumers, forcing retailers to pull all non-stick cookware from their shelves as sales plummeted. The public alarm was sparked by news reports earlier this month that the the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) had alleged that DuPont failed to report potential risks from the synthetic chemical perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) used to make non-stick pots and pans. . . . Spurred on by heavy media coverage of the EPA report and a spate of scandals involving contaminated food, environmental degradation, and shoddy, locally made goods, consumers opted not to take a chance and spurned Teflon and other non-stick goods. Retailers quickly responded to the buyers' strike. Last week Beijing Sogo and some department stores in Chengdu, capital of Sichuan province, removed non-stick cookware from their shelves, as did managers of some ParknShop supermarkets in Guangdong. . . An official with one of the Wanjie stores in Guangzhou said sales of China-made brands of Teflon-coated cookware fell by more than 60 per cent over the past week. 'Today, no one shows any interest in non-stick cookware,' he said. . . In an attempt to ease concerns, a 'crisis team' comprised of senior DuPont executives from the United States, Hong Kong and Shanghai flew to Beijing for a meeting with the quarantine authorities," Olovia Chung, Hong Kong Standard.

DECATURVILLE -- More area participants needed for study of C8, Tim Brust, Marietta Times.
DuPont Chemical CEO Charles O. Holliday, Jr., co-author of the book, 'Walking the Talk,' which "details the business case for sustainable development and corporate responsibility."
Jul 19: DuPont's C8 contamination widespread, U.S. EPA says

CHARLESTON, WV -- "In a 31-page complaint, the U.S. EPA said that DuPont 'fails or refuses to recognize that its C8 contamination in public drinking water is ongoing, that C8 contamination extends into people’s homes, and that DuPont had never informed [EPA] of levels of C8 contamination of drinking water greater than three times higher than DuPont's' own limits. Specifically, U.S. EPA officials allege that DuPont never told the government that it had water tests that showed C8 in residential supplies in concentrations greater than the company’s internal limit. Also, U.S. EPA alleges that DuPont withheld for more than 20 years the results of a test that showed that at least one pregnant worker from the Parkersburg plant had transferred the chemical from her body to her fetus. That information, U.S. EPA said, supported animal tests that showed that C8 'moves across the placental barrier.' U.S. EPA said that agency efforts to understand C8's health effects 'might have been more expeditious' if DuPont had submitted the human test results back in 1981," Ken Ward Jr., Charleston Gazette.

SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA -- Toxic chemical exposure. "By gender, women here were found to have three to 30 times as much PFOA [C8] in their bodies as their foreign counterparts," Korea Times.
Jul 17: Should you stick with non-stick Teflon pans?

Canary with a gas maskSINGAPORE -- "Teflon, the most slippery substance on earth, keeps eggs from sticking to pans or bacon from burning, and makes pots easier to wash. If the coating gets hot enough, the fumes it gives off have been known to kill birds. In these cases of Teflon-toxicosis, as they are called, the bird's lungs bleed and fill up with fluid, so the animal drowns in its own secretions. . . . .Entirely man-made, it is semi-volatile and can be spread by the wind: It has turned up in the blood of people and animals in areas far removed from where Teflon is made or used, including remote areas of China. In one large U.S. sample of thousands, 90 per cent tested positive for C8 in their blood, especially children. . . . So what to do until the verdict is in? You could limit the use of Teflon-coated things, especially cookware. If you keep using such cookware, put food into your non-stick pan quickly so it doesn't get too hot too soon. Also, cook at lower rather than higher temperatures. Or, you could just switch to stainless steel cookware and aluminium bakeware. Yes, food might stick but there won't be any toxic fumes -- and perhaps your kitchen canary will get to live a little longer," Andy Ho, Singapore Straits Times.
Jul 16: DuPont screenings nearly complete


PARKERSBURG, WV -- "The company has learned through 50 years of experience that PFOA [also known as C8] does not pose a health risk to humans, said Tim McDaniel, safety, health and environmental manager at [Dupont Chemical's] Washington Works. Company officials hope the study will help prove that assertion, he said. During the examinations, screeners drew blood to test for serum levels of PFOA , and provided urinalysis, pulmonary-function tests, chest X-ray and electrocardiograms. The screenings will end today, but results of the study won't be available until fall, McDaniel said. . . 'We had great participation,' McDaniel said. 'This has been a very positive event,'" Roger Adkins, Parkersburg News and Sentinel.
Jul 15: Non-sticking cookware may face sales drop for DuPont's Teflon coating

Top-end Beijing SOGO
BEIJING, CHINA -- "Beijing SOGO, a large department store, has removed non-sticking pans that use DuPont's Teflon coating from shelves after the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency accused DuPont of failing to report potential risks from the synthetic chemical perfluorooctanoic acid used to make Teflon, known as PFOA or C8. The acid may cause cancer, it says. Some department stores in southwestern China's Chengdu City and southern China's Guangzhou city have also started removing the cookware from shelves. Aishida, one of the biggest cookware producers in the country, said it had received many calls from customers concerned about its stick-resistant cooking utensils. Some even asked to cancel their orders," Xinhua News Agency.
Jul 13: DuPont cookware stirs China

BEIJING, CHINA -- "Users of Teflon non-stick cookware in China have an increased risk of cancer as U.S. chemical maker DuPont was accused of failing to report on human health risks from a key ingredient in Teflon. This kind of cookware is very popular in the country and their content is mainly Teflon provided by DuPont, according to Monday's CRI [China Radio International] online. But the company thinks that the Teflon products are not harmful to human health. Authorities in Beijing and Guangzhou cities are examining the cookware and checking their chemical content. Any products that pose a threat to health will be removed from the shelves immediately," Xinhua News Agency.

Dupont Chemical, Washington WV. Across the Ohio River is Little Hocking, OH.
Dupont Washington Works
SHANGHAI, CHINA -- China to investigate possible Teflon hazards. "Less than half the Teflon-coated pans sold in China meet the government's quality standards, and poor-quality products would be more likely to release harmful chemicals during cooking at high temperatures, the state-run New Beijing Post reported," Elaine Kurtenbach, Associated Press.

WASHINGTON, WV -- DuPont says Teflon-coated cookware is safe following allegations, Roger Adkins, Parkersburg News and Sentinel.
Jul 9: U.S. EPA alleges DuPont failed to report information about the hazards of C8

Living four-month human fetus
Human fetus
PARKERSBURG, WV -- "'The existence of 0.055 ppm of PFOA in umbilical cord blood demonstrates PFOA [C8] movement in humans, and specifically that PFOA moved from the mother, through the placenta, to the fetus. DuPont did not immediately submit, nor has it ever submitted, this human blood sampling information concerning the transplacental movement of PFOA, a chemical known then to be persistent, to demonstrate liver toxicity in animals and that DuPont was reviewing for possible birth defects,' the complaint says. The complaint says 'the agency considers the human blood sampling information confirming transplacental movement of PFOA in humans to reasonably support the conclusion of a substantial risk of injury to health or the environment,'" Dave Payne, Sr., Parkersburg News and Sentinel.

PARKERSBURG, WV -- Officials say DuPont plans to fight complaint filed by U.S. EPA, Dave Payne, Sr., Parkersburg News and Sentinel.

PARKERSBURG, WV -- Leaders: DuPont a corporate friend, Jeffrey Saulton, Parkersburg News and Sentinel.

WASHINGTON, DC -- U.S. EPA says it will fine DuPont for holding back test results, Mark Glassman, New York Times.

COLUMBUS -- DuPont hid possible health risk, EPA says; Company faces fines for not reporting C8 in Ohio, W.Va. drinking water, "Leaders of an environmental group that pushed the agency to take action against DuPont were angry the EPA did not announce the fines. 'We don’t know if DuPont's in hot water or in the Jacuzzi,' said Ken Cook, president of the Environmental Working Group," Spencer Hunt, Sarah Frank, Columbus Dispatch. Access fee; no link.
Jul 8: DuPont failed to report Teflon health risks - U.S. EPA

WASHINGTON, DC -- "DuPont Co., the No. 2 U.S. chemicals maker, failed for more than 20 years to report potential health risks caused by a key ingredient in the manufacture of Teflon, the Environmental Protection Agency said on Thursday. . . .Tom Skinner, head of EPA's enforcement office, said the agency would seek penalties 'in the millions of dollars.' DuPont could face penalties of $25,000 per day for violations before Jan. 30, 1997, rising to $27,500 per day after that, the EPA said. A straight calculation could mean fines in the range of $300 million, but 'that is not what we would be seeking,' Skinner said, although he would not disclose the exact amount," Chris Baltimore, David Brinkerhoff, Reuters.

DOVER, DE -- U.S. EPA to act against DuPont for not reporting chemical risks, Randall Chase, Associated Press.

WASHINGTON, DC -- U.S. EPA takes enforcement action against DuPont for toxic substances reporting violations, release, U.S. EPA.

WILMINGTON, DE -- DuPont responds to U.S. EPA complaint, denies allegations; Company asserts it has complied with all laws and regulations with respect to PFOA; Will vigorously defend its position, release, DuPont Chemical.

Water district mapCUTLER -- Experts disagree on whether chemical C8 detected in wells poses health risk; Water utility’s contamination warning causing a stir. "In a rare move last week, the water association warned its customers that the water may not be safe. The warning, sent on June 28, was written by Robert Griffin, the water association’s general manager. 'Drinking or otherwise using water contaminated with C8 may pose serious health risks and, until a resolution to this problem is secured, you are using this water at your own risk,' he wrote. Customers were told the association is looking for alternative water sources and possible treatment options. The association provides water to seven townships: Belpre, Decatur, Fairfield, Palmer, Troy, Watertown and Wesley. . . . 'The notice is the boldest comment I’ve seen from the water association thus far," said customer David Freeman, a Decatur Township resident in Washington County. He said he still drinks the water but makes an effort to give his children bottled water,'" Sarah Frank, Columbus Dispatch. Access fee; no link.

CHARLESTON WV -- DuPont faces big fines; Penalty may come down today for hiding C8 exposure, Ken Ward Jr., Charleston Gazette.
Jul 7: Little Hocking Water customers needed for C8 study

MARIETTA -- "An independent four-year study on the effects of C8 on Little Hocking Water Association Service District customers is set to begin this month. About 400 people will be asked in the following weeks to participate in the study by answering surveys and providing samples of blood and/or breast milk. Mailings are going out as early as today soliciting participants for the study," Brad Bauer, Marietta Times.
Jul 4: Ohio water company says DuPont contaminating supply

PARKERSBURG, WV -- "Robert L. Griffin, the association's general manager, wrote in Wednesday's letter. . . 'Little Hocking is also researching alternative sources of water and possible treatment options. Nevertheless, please be aware that, until a resolution to this problem is secured, you are drinking or otherwise using water containing C8 and that you do so knowing of possible health risks,'" Associated Press.
Jul 3: Little Hocking water customers get C8 notice

The chemical in question, also known as "C8"
C8 model
LITTLE HOCKING -- "The Little Hocking Water Association has mailed a 'notice of contamination' to customers, informing them the district's water contains levels of the chemical known as C8. The chemical's presence 'may pose serious health risks,' the notice says. The notice also warns customers in the western Washington County system to use the water at their own risk. . . .Dave Freeman, 44, of 7523 State Route 555, a Little Hocking water customer, said getting the mailing was a bit of a surprise. 'It was worrisome for folks who had not been keeping up with the issue,' Freeman said. 'It sort of rattled me. It's a reminder that we really don't know what we are dealing with,'" Pamela Brust, Marietta Times.