Dupont Chemical C8 contamination
News from July - December 2005
Dec 28:  3-D modeling supports perfluorinated theory

WASHINGTON, DC -- "An emerging theory that explains how PFOA (perfluorooctanoic acid ) and other PFCAs (perfluorocarboxylic acids) have contaminated the Arctic has received a boost from a new modeling study posted today on ES&T’s Research ASAP website. The theory contends that Arctic contamination is due to atmospheric transport and breakdown of fluorotelomer alcohols, chemicals that are used in products that include stain protectors, microwave-popcorn bags, fast-food wrappers, polishes, and paints," Rebecca Renner, Environmental Science & Technology.

Dec 27: Systems to remove C8 from water months from completion

POMEROY VILLAGE -- "A study released last summer by the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine revealed that Little Hocking customers had the highest concentrations of C8 in their blood. The study looked at 326 Ohio residents living near the Washington Works plant in West Virginia and found they had 80 times more C8 in the blood than the general population. 'We are in the process now of looking at the 95 percent review plans and are hoping that construction will be complete by the end of April 2006,' said Bob Griffin, who manages Little Hocking's system. Until then, a majority of Little Hocking's 4,300 customers will rely on bottled water DuPont is supplying to the district. It's the only district where DuPont agreed to provide the service," Brian Farkas, Akron Beacon Journal.

Dec 26:  DuPont to conduct studies on C-8

WASHINGTON, DC -- "DuPont spokesman Cliff Webb says the company will spend five million dollars to investigate the potential breakdown in the environment of C-8, a key ingredient in Teflon and other non-stick materials. 'We'll hire independent third parties to serve as a panel administrator for peer review and consultation, and then the panel will address any specific activities and findings they see as a result of the study, and the public will have an opportunity to nominate also a panel member.' Webb says the three year study will focus on nine chemicals or products that could release C-8, but he won't divulge what they are, explaining they're confidential business information," Fred Kight, Great Lakes Radio Consortium.

Dec 25: Fight cancer with prevention

BIRMINGHAM, AL -- "A disturbing New York Times article recently reported that fumes and residue from a chemical ingredient in Teflon-coated cookware are a "likely carcinogen." It noted that packaging for microwave popcorn, fast food, pizza and in some paper plates may also break down into this 'likely carcinogen.' The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has been studying this chemical since 1999. A study by the 3M Co. found that of 600 children tested, 96 percent have this chemical in their blood. A chemical study of umbilical cord samples from the American Red Cross found babies average 200 known toxic chemicals in their blood, such as mercury, fire retardants, pesticides - and that chemical in Teflon, even before being born. Furthermore, EPA's 'Guidelines for Carcinogenic Risk Assessment' reports, 'Children receive 50 percent of their lifetime cancer risk in the first two years of life,'" editorial, Birmingham News.

Dec 22: DuPont rips call for C-8 warning

NEW CASTLE, DE -- "DuPont Co. is blasting a call by the United Steelworkers Union that carpet dealers and manufacturers warn consumers about possible harmful effects from carpets made with its controversial chemical compound perfluorooctanoic acid... Perfluorooctanoic acid, also known as PFOA or C-8, is used in the manufacturing of stain-resistant carpets, nonstick cookware and fast-food wrappers. A U.S. Environmental Protection Agency advisory panel has said that, based on studies in animals, PFOA is a likely human carcinogen," Gary Haber, Delaware News Journal.

Dec 21: Steelworkers union alerts carpet retailers and manufacturers about 'duty to warn' customers of possible harm from Teflon-related chemical

PITTSBURGH -- "The United Steelworkers union has mailed information to over 4,500 retail carpet dealers and sent letters to the CEOs of 35 carpet manufacturing companies informing them that they may have 'a legal duty to warn' their customers about potential harmful effects of carpets that may contain perfluorooctanoic acid, a Teflon-related chemical also known as PFOA or C8 that may be present in various stain repellents. DuPont Company is a major manufacturer of some of the relevant stain repellant products," press release, United Steelworkers.

MINNEAPOLIS, MN -- Papers sealed in 3M lawsuit But judge widens chemical inquiry, John Welbes, Pioneer Press.

Dec 19: Settlement reached between DuPont and EPA

WASHINGTON, DC -- "The Environmental Protection Agency says DuPont hid information about the dangers of a chemical used to manufacture Teflon. The allegations prompted an investigation by the EPA, and now, the company will pay 16.5 million dollars to settle the complaint. The EPA says it's the largest administrative penalty it has ever won," Fred Kight, Great Lakes Radio Consortium.

Dec 18: DuPont won't say how C-8 is formed
Residents fear contamination

DEEPWATER, NJ-- "EPA officials late last year accused DuPont of withholding information about potential health hazards connected with PFOA-related compounds. The agency said the company held back for decades evidence that the chemical could contaminate fetal blood in pregnant workers, as well as information about pollution that eventually tainted water systems serving more than 30,000 people in Ohio and West Virginia. Another allegation in the eight-count complaint settled by the $16.5 million penalty charged that company officials failed to report 'significant lethality' in rats exposed to unnamed perfluorinated compounds in 1997, a fact 'that should have been reported immediately,' an EPA official said," Jeff Montogomery, Delaware News Journal.

Dec 16: DuPont, EPA Settle
Company to pay $16.5 million to settle PFOA allegations

COLUMBUS -- "DuPont will spend $16.5 million to settle allegations that it withheld information about perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) from EPA, the agency said. Granta Y. Nakayama, EPA assistant administrator for enforcement, says the most serious allegation involved failure to report for more than 20 years that PFOA was found in the umbilical cord blood of a baby of a woman working at DuPont's plant outside of Parkersburg, W.Va. That facility uses PFOA to manufacture DuPont's Teflon brand of polytetrafluoroethylene. The information demonstrating that PFOA moves across the placenta "should have been reported immediately to EPA," Nakayama says," Cheryl Hogue, Chemical & Engineering News.

Dec 15: DuPont will pay to settle C8 case
U.S. EPA will get $16.5 million for complaint that information on Teflon chemical not shared

COLUMBUS -- "DuPont has agreed to pay $16.5 million to settle a federal civil environmental complaint that the company hid health information about the chemical used to make Teflon.. But the Environmental Working Group, an advocacy group, says the penalty amounts to next to nothing. 'This is a $25 billion company that makes $200 million a year off Teflon. It pollutes the entire country’s bloodstream with a toxic chemical,' said Mike Casey, a spokesman for the organization that is based in Washington, D.C. 'We don’t know nearly enough about these chemicals as we should. But what we know is troubling,' he said. 'This is polluting your kid’s blood with a toxic chemical that never breaks down,'" Mike Lafferty, Columbus Dispatch. Access fee; no link.

CHARLESTON, WV -- DuPont settles case on toxins Company to pay $16.5 million, Ken Ward Jr., Charleston Gazette.

MARIETTA -- DuPont agrees to $10M fine in C8 case, Kevin Pierson, Marietta Times.

PITTSBURGH, PA -- DuPont investors comment on proposed EPA civil settlement over withholding information on Teflon chemical, press release, DuPont Shareholders for Fair Value.

MARIETTA -- Belpre water installing filter, "The Belpre Public Water System is one step closer to completing a project that will address the chemical known as C8 that’s been found in the city’s water supply," Diane DeCola, Marietta Times.

LOS ANGELES, CA -- DuPont Settles Charges That It Hid Toxic Risk Data, Marla Cone, Los Angeles Times.
Dec 14: DuPont fined more than $10 million over Teflon

DuPont's Washington Works plant near Parkersburg, W.Va.

DOVER, DE -- "DuPont Co. has agreed to pay $10.25 million in fines and $6.25 million for environmental projects to settle allegations by the Environmental Protection Agency that the company hid information about the dangers of a toxic chemical used to make the non-stick coating Teflon, officials said Wednesday... The EPA alleged that DuPont withheld information for more than 20 years about the health effects of PFOA, also known as C-8, and about the pollution of water supplies near the company's Washington Works plant near Parkersburg, W.Va," Randall Chase, Associated Press.

WASHINGTON, DC -- EPA settles PFOA case against DuPont for largest environmental administrative penalty in agency history, press release, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

WASHINGTON, DC -- EPA fines Teflon maker DuPont for chemical cover-up Largest administrative fine in agency's history shows seriousness of polluting babies' blood and drinking water, press release, Environmental Working Group.
Dec 11:  It's In Us All
Flame retardants contaminate everyone but concentrate especially in children

BERKELEY, CA -- "Scientists suspect synthetic chemicals plastic, flame retardants, pesticides, even the chemical precursors for nonstick frying pans taint the blood of everyone alive today. It's the result, they say, of nearly 50 years of reliance on synthetic chemistry without a full understanding of how these compounds interact with our environment. The amount of these chemicals in our bodies is vanishingly small; so minuscule scientists had trouble seeing it just 10 years ago. Now researchers suspect some of the compounds impair our health. The Oakland Tribune tested the Hammond-Hollands for traces of five metals and four classes of chemicals: PBDEs; their banned cousins, the polychlorinated biphenyls, or PCBs; plastic additives known as phthalates; and an exotic chemical family, perfluorinated acids, used to make Gore-Tex, Teflon and other nonstick and waterproof products," Douglas Fischer, Almeda Times-Star.
Dec 9:  Food wrapping under scrutiny

WASHINGTON, DC -- "It's an old saying: 'You are what you eat.' But whatever you eat, your health may also depend on the wrapping it comes in. That, at least, is what one critic says about a specially treated paper used for a variety of popular snacks and fast foods. It's not so much the greasy burgers and buttery microwave popcorn that worries Glenn Evers, a chemical engineer who spent most of his career working for DuPont. It's what they often come wrapped in: paper with a grease-resistant coating made by DuPont," Sharyl Attkisson, CBS News.
Dec 8:  Health threat in food containers needs attention

RALEIGH, NC -- "How is perfluorooctanoic acid getting into our blood? New allegations from a chemical company whistleblower raise the possibility that the toxin may be getting into our bodies from food packaging. PFOA is produced when the chemicals used to make nonstick coatings break down. In addition to being applied to pots, pans and skillets, nonstick coatings also are widely used for food packaging because of their grease-resistant properties. They're used in such things as candy wrappers, pizza boxes, Chinese take-out and french fry containers, microwave popcorn bags and the wrappers on fast-food sandwiches," Suzanne Havala Hobbs, News and Observer.

PITTSBURGH, PA -- DuPont investor coalition cites reinstatement of racketeering case against DuPont as echoing concealment risks on Teflon chemical,' PR Newswire.
Dec 5:  Is the water safe?

FAYETTEVILLE, NC -- "Jason Thomas said Wednesday that he plans to have his well tested for the presence of ammonium perfluorooctanoate, which DuPont calls APFO. He said he is concerned that his family could be harmed by the chemical, which DuPont manufactures at its Fayetteville plant, just over Willis Creek from the Thomas family’s home on Marshwood Lake... APFO is commonly called C8, a trademarked name it was given by the 3M Corp., the company that originally manufactured it. 3M stopped making the chemical five years ago because it persists so long in the environment and in people’s blood. Tests conducted by 3M and DuPont beginning in the 1970s revealed that the chemical does not break down in water or sunlight or biodegrade under natural conditions. People can inhale the chemical or absorb it through their skin, and it can linger in blood for years," Nomee Landis, Fayetteville Observer.
Dec 2:  Two testify 3M tried to avoid tests
MPCA, company offer different viewpoint

ST. PAUL, MN -- "Two scientists at the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency told a state panel Thursday that a 3M Co. official tried to persuade the agency last spring not to conduct a study of a controversial group of chemicals that don't break down in the environment...The chemicals, which repel oils and water and don't break down in the environment, have been found all over the world and are linked to liver problems, cancer and other health issues in laboratory animals. 3M, however, has insisted they aren't a health threat to people or the environment. They were made over a five-decade period and were used in such products as Scotchgard, Teflon and Gore-Tex. Before the company discontinued manufacturing them earlier this decade, unknown amounts were discharged into the Mississippi River and dumped in area landfills, resulting in groundwater contamination," Dennis Lein, St. Paul Pioneer Press.
Nov 30:  Ohio Citizen Action questions ConAgra on their use of fluorochemicals

COLUMBUS -- "In your letter of November 28, 2005, you say that our November 17 press release contains 'false information.' The release accurately quotes your September 19 letter to me regarding ConAgra’s packaging practices. You clearly imply that ConAgra is using FDA’s approved fluorotelomers. If ConAgra were not using fluorotelomers that have been proven to break down into PFOAs, why would you say that ConAgra will 'support and comply' with the new rules if 'regulatory agencies change their position'? Can you explain to me what there is to comply with if you are not using fluorotelomers?," Simona Vaclavikova, Ohio Citizen Action.
WASHINGTON, DC -- DuPont, EPA Settle Case On Chemical Disclosure, Juliet Eilperin, Washington Post.
Nov 29:  DuPont seeking cause of seepage

FAYETTEVILLE, NC -- "A chemical that has contaminated drinking water near a DuPont plant in West Virginia has seeped into groundwater beneath the Fayetteville plant where it is made. The chemical, ammonium perfluorooctanoate, or APFO, is commonly called C8. It is used by DuPont and other companies to make products including fast-food wrappers, Teflon pans and coatings for wires and semiconductors... DuPont opened the $23 million APFO facility in 2002 to produce the chemical after the 3M company stopped making it. The Fayetteville site is the only place in the U.S. where the chemical is made. In West Virginia and Ohio, the chemical has contaminated drinking water. .. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is investigating the chemical because it lingers so long in the environment and in people. Studies have shown that APFO is in the blood of nearly every American. The chemical is not regulated by the EPA," Nomee Landis, Fayetteville Observer.

CHARLESTON, WV -- EPA, DuPont finalize settlement in C8 lawsuit, Akron Beacon Journal.

FAYETTEVILLE, NC -- New Discovery of C8 Contradicts DuPont Claims, say Citizen Groups, press release, North Carolina C8 Working Group.
Nov 28:  Nonstick Taints: Fluorochemicals are in us all

WASHINGTON, DC -- "Nonstick cookware has been investigated as another likely candidate, but in recent tests, the Food and Drug Administration found fry pans to be a negligible source. However, those tests showed that during microwaving, the grease-resistant paper used in popcorn bags releases traces of PFOA to the oil that coats the kernels. Indeed, microwave popcorn is an extreme case. Paper temperatures that can exceed 200 deg. C "significantly increase the potential for [PFOA] migration," say the FDA's Timothy H. Begley and his coworkers in College Park, Md. In the October Food Additives and Contaminants, they conclude that in their study of food-contact materials, treated paper is the greatest potential source of fluorochemicals," Janet Raloff, Science News. Subscription fee; no link.
Nov 22:  C8 and the Ohio EPA

COLUMBUS -- "Rather than set C8 limits, the Ohio EPA is monitoring the contamination, advising people in southeast Ohio to drink bottled water, and waiting for the US EPA to determine if C8 is a human health concern... Ohio's EPA says it doesn't have the resources to determine if limits should be placed on C8 which is why its relying on the US EPA... The attorney for the Little Hocking Water Associations disagrees. He says the Ohio EPA has ignored its top priority. 'The Ohio citizen is what that Agency is there for,' said David Altman. 'Not some company operating across the river, or for that matter even in Ohio.' Ohio Citizen Action, a consumer advocacy group agrees with Altman that the Ohio EPA should set C8 water standards. 'What is more important than the health and the safety of the residents?' asks Simona Vaclavikova, Ohio Citizen Action program director. 'How can you justify spending money on anything else?,'" Roger McCoy, WBNS.
Nov 21:  DuPont hit by allegations over safety of packaging chemical

MONTPELLIER, FRANCE -- "The latest allegations concern DuPont's marquee paper packaging coating chemical, Zonyl RP, which is cleared for use in the US and the EU. The Environmental Working Group (EWG) and a former chemical engineer with DuPont claim that the company suppressed studies showing Zonyl RP could contaminate food at over three times the US federal safety standard. If the chemical is found to be harmful to humans, its use as a means of keeping paper from absorbing food grease may be stopped, leaving processors scrambling for alternatives," Ahmed ElAmin, Food Production Daily.

WASHINGTON, DC -- Whistleblower claims DuPont failed to act on food contamination danger, Consumer Affairs.
Nov 19:  'Insider' Charges DuPont Covered Up Health Danger

WASHINGTON, DC -- "In a study published last month, Food and Drug Administration researchers said microwave popcorn bags alone could expose the public to 'hundreds of times'more C8 than normal use of nonstick cookware. 'FDA is continuing to conduct post-market analysis on additional products where these same coatings/additives are present to have a more complete assessment of the exposure to fluorochemicals from paper,' said the FDA study, published in the journal Food Additives and Contaminants. In a Tuesday letter to the FDA, the Environmental Working Group asked for an investigation of Evers' allegations and whether DuPont withheld information about Zonyl," Ken Ward, Charleston Gazette.
Nov 18:  Whistleblower Questions Teflon's Safety
Former Employee Says Chemicals Come Off on Food

WASHINGTON, DC -- "To prevent grease stains on fast food and pizza boxes, microwave popcorn bags, candy bar wrappers and hundreds of other food items, the paper is coated with a chemical that's part of the Teflon family made by DuPont. Now ABC News has learned that the Food and Drug Administration has opened an investigation into its safety, based on new information and the testimony of a DuPont whistleblower,'" Brian Ross, ABC News.

WASHINGTON, DC -- Food-package chemical under review by FDA, Jack Kaskey, Philadelphia Inquirer.

BELPRE -- Thousands sign up for health tests on effects of chemical used to make Teflon, Some say contaminated drinking water could cause health problems, Brian Farkas, Associated Press.
Nov 17:  Papers: DuPont Hid Chemical Risk Studies

WASHINGTON, DC -- "DuPont Co. hid studies showing the risks of a Teflon-related chemical used to line candy wrappers, pizza boxes, microwave popcorn bags and hundreds of other food containers, according to internal company documents and a former employee... The DuPont documents were made public Wednesday by the Environmental Working Group, a research and advocacy organization. At the same time, a former DuPont chemical engineer, Glenn Evers, told reporters at a news conference at EWG's office that the company long suppressed its studies on the chemical. 'They are toxic,' Evers said of the PFOA chemicals. 'They get into human blood. And they are also in every one of you. Your loved ones, your fellow citizens,'" John Heilprin, Associated Press.

NEW CASTLE, DE -- Group says DuPont hid dangers of coating, Former company researcher says information was known in 1987, Jeff Montgomery, Delaware News Journal.

PHILADELPHIA, PA-- Whistle-blower: DuPont knows food-packaging risk, Jack Kaskey, Philadelphia Inquirer.

CHARLESTON, WV -- C8 dangers covered up, DuPont Ďinsiderí says, Ken Ward Jr., Charleston Gazette .
Nov 16:  Itís in the microwave popcorn, not the Teflon pan

Preliminary FDA data suggest that eating microwave pop corn may expose people to chemicals that break down to produce PFOA, a suspected carcinogen.

WASHINGTON, DC -- "Results of a study by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) published in October reveal that compounds known to break down into the suspected carcinogen PFOA (perfluorooctanoic acid) may be served up to millions of unwitting consumers in bags of microwave popcorn. The family treat could account for more than 20% of the average PFOA levels now measured in the blood of U.S. residents. Most Americans carry 4–5 parts per billion (ppb) of PFOA in their blood, according to the U.S. EPA’s draft PFOA risk assessment, but its source has been unknown. Products used in the home are thought to play a role, including nonstick cookware such as Teflon pans, which are produced by a process that uses PFOA. But a growing number of studies, including this one, suggest that nonstick cookware is not a major source," Rebecca Renner, Environmetal Science and Technology.
Nov 15:  Food wrappers have excess C8, engineer says

PARKERSBURG, WV -- "French-fry boxes, microwave popcorn bags and pet food containers could contain unsafe amounts of the toxic chemical C8, a longtime DuPont Co. chemical engineer testified last year in a lawsuit against the company. Glenn R. Evers, who left DuPont in 2002, said the company discovered the problem but did nothing about it. 'We were out of compliance,' said Evers, who received an internal DuPont e-mail that described the findings of a company study. 'It was one of these ‘We are in deep trouble’ memos,' Evers recalled. 'Everybody who knew what the extraction limits were knew there was a problem,'" Ken Ward, Jr., Charleston Gazette.
Nov 12:  Thousands sign up for Teflon health test

BELPRE -- "DuPont is paying for the survey and testing as part of its settlement of a class-action lawsuit over the chemical ammonium perfluorooctanoate, also known as C8. The chemical is used to produce Teflon at the plant in Washington, W.Va., along the Ohio River. Area residents sued DuPont in 2001, claiming the chemical used at the Washington Works plant contaminated drinking water. Since August, more than 17,000 residents of the six Ohio and West Virginia water districts covered by the settlement have taken part in the study. The project has a waiting list of about 26,000 people, and it's expected that up to 60,000 will eventually take part. Though used since World War II, the long-term effects of C8 on people are unknown," Brian Farkas, Wahington Post.

OAKLAND, CA -- Avoiding everyday toxins, Marco Visscher, Ode Magazine.
Nov 7:  Thousands take part in C8 health screenings

BELPRE --"DuPont maintains C8 is not hazardous and cites studies on about 1,100 Washington Works employees as proof. It also points to the results of a recent independent health screening of about 380 residents who live near the plant and receive water from the Little Hocking Water Association, one of the districts covered by the settlement. The University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine study found the residents had up to 80 times more C8 in their blood than the general population, but the researchers said they could not find a link to increased liver, kidney, thyroid or cholesterol problems. They agreed, however, that more study was needed," Delaware News Journal.
Nov 5:  Teflon value touted to SEC
DuPont says billions staked to use of C-8

NASHVILLE, TN --"About $1 billion in DuPont Co. sales could be affected if the federal government were to ban or restrict a chemical the company uses to make Teflon, DuPont said Thursday in a Securities and Exchange Commission filing. In the filing, DuPont notes that the Environmental Protection Agency does not currently regulate perfluorooctanoic acid, also known as PFOA and C-8, and there are no regulatory actions pending that would bar its production or use... An attorney for a group of DuPont shareholders said the company should tell shareholders more about the possible risks of the company's use of PFOA," Gary Haber, Delaware News Journal.

NASHVILLE, TN -- DuPont investor coalition flags major regulatory risk on PFOA identified in new DuPont quarterly report, press release, PR Newswire.
Nov 1:  Customers get water delivered in bottles

MARIETTA -- "As of late last week, three different water companies began distributing bottled water to customers of the Little Hocking Water Association and some private well users. The deliveries come as part of an agreement with DuPont Washington Works, the source of a chemical known as C8 found to be in the Little Hocking Water system wells, among others. The chemical is not regulated and the federal Environmental Protection Agency is in the process of determining what, if any, level of the chemical is safe for human consumption. C8 is a chemical used in the manufacturing of Teflon," Marietta Times.

Oct 25:  Public hearing held to discuss industrial waste landfill

PARKERSBURG -- "Joe Kiger, a concerned citizen, said he was mystified that the Department of Environmental Protection would allow DuPont to dump C8 into area creeks and streams. 'The EPA even came out and said it was a possible carcinogen,' Kiger said. 'If this is a carcinogen, why not stop the dumping, issue a moratorium, until a scientific panel makes a decision. People are scared to death. They shouldn't have to live like that.' John Wigal, who lives near the landfill, said he was outraged that regulators permit the dumping of chemicals into nearby creeks. The dump affects all residents who live in the area watershed, said Wigal and his son Joseph. It creates fear about drinking water and water used for agricultural purposes, they said. Several residents who live near the dump said their water foams, indicating there is something unnatural present," Roger Adkins, Parkersburg News and Sentinel.

PARKERSBURG -- Wood residents oppose DuPont permits, Ken Ward Jr., Charleston Gazette.

Oct 16:  Agencies widen study of toxins in fish
Teflon ingredient might be added to list of hazards

BALTIMORE, MD -- "Last month EPA managers publicly singled out two relatively new chemicals for mention during a conference in Baltimore on fish contamination: polybrominated diphenyl ethers, or PBDE, used as a flame retardant; and perfluorooctanoic acid, or PFOA, used to make DuPont's Teflon coatings and thousands of other consumer products... Both have been found throughout the environment and in a wide assortment of consumer products, ranging from baby pajamas and mattresses to fast-food packaging, furnishings, clothing and industrial products, " Jeff Montogomery, Delaware News Journal.

Oct 6:  Ohio EPA encourages use of free bottled water program in C8 areas

LITTLE HOCKING-- "The Ohio Environmental Protection Agency has notified customers of the Little Hocking Water Association and those who have private wells where C8 has been detected that they should continue to use bottled water for drinking and cooking. 'The presence of C8 does not necessarily mean it is harmful, as that has not been determined by the U.S. EPA, but because of this uncertainty, Ohio EPA is recommending the use of bottled water,' said Jim Leach, Ohio EPA spokesman," David Payne, Parkersburg News and Sentinel.

CHARLESTON, WV -- C-8 Unit Pays Residents, Residents are paid up to four-hundred dollars each to complete a personal health history and a blood test, WOWK-TV.

Oct 5:  Not-so-special delivery

CHICAGO -- "The samples reviewed by researchers at the Washington-based Environmental Working Group contained on average more than 200 contaminants. Among them mercury, gasoline, waste by-products from coal and garbage burning, toxic traces of eight petroleum-based chemicals, carcinogenic residue from dozens of widely used flame retardants, pesticides, and much more... The EWG report was based on the testing of umbilical cord blood from 10 infants born in the United States last year. This contamination runs through the bloodstreams of America’s newborns," Kevin Clark, U.S. Catholic, October 2005.
Sep 30:  DuPont Reports Leaks In Landfill

MARIETTA -- "DuPont Co. has reported two leaks in its Dry Run landfill in Wood County WV, that appear like small springs coming out of the ground and contain a large amount of a chemical used in the manufacture of Teflon, state Department of Environmental Protection records show. DuPont reported the first of the two leaks in mid-June and the second in July. The leaks appear to have caused the concentration of the chemical C8 in the landfill's water discharge into Dry Run to nearly double, according to company records," Illinois Cheif Engineer.
Sep 29:  Is food packaging safe?
Ohio Citizen Action asks companies to disclose use of Teflon chemicals

COLUMBUS -- "Recent studies and government investigations focus on efforts to determine how the Teflon-related chemical, perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), has made it into the blood of almost every American. PFOA is mostly known as an ingredient to make Teflon. However, the current public and scientific research surrounding fluorotelomers, used widely in food packaging, pinpoints the food industry as one possible pathway of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA). I am writing today to encourage (your company) to publish a public statement that assures customers that the products used to wrap and contain its food do not contact fluorotelomers or any similar chemicals. Your public statement on fluorotelomers would prove your corporation to be a leader in protecting the health and safety of both your employees and customers," Simona Vaclavikova, Ohio Citizen Action.
Sep 23:  Steelworkers protest DuPont award at National Safety Congress

ORLANDO, FL -- "United Steelworkers (USW) members and others in the international labor union movement decried the safety award given by the National Safety Council to DuPont at its yearly conference this week. The USW believes DuPont's abominable health and safety record should have disqualified the chemical giant from receiving the safety group's 2006 Green Cross for Safety Award. According to the NSC, the Green Cross is given annually to an organization that has 'distinguished itself over a period of years for outstanding achievement in workplace and off-the-job safety and health programs, community service, environmental stewardship, and responsible citizenship.' The USW's DuPont Council chairman, Ken Test, said, 'We condemn the fact that DuPont received this award, since it appears this company's actions contradict the NSC's criteria'... The USW represents 1,800 workers at six DuPont facilities. For copies of the full USW report, 'Not Walking the Talk: DuPont's Untold Safety Failures' go to," Shawn Gilchrist, United Steelworkers.
Sep 16:  Safer alternative could replace widespread contaminant

CHAPEL HILL, NC -- "Stain-resistant carpets, upholstery, and fabrics have a dark underside. A common coating that keeps them pristine has recently been found to break down into perfluorooctanoic acid, also known as PFOA or C8, a persistent compound that accumulates inside the body and has been fingered as a possible carcinogen. Manufacturers have been scrambling to come up with alternatives, but none could rival C8-producing stain fighters. At the American Chemical Society meeting, however, chemists from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, unveiled an alternative that repels stains with the best of them but that breaks down into compounds that don’t accumulate in the body," Robert F. Service, Science Magazine.
Sep 7:  C8 testing open for some Warren customers

MARIETTA -- "The Warren Community Water and Sewer Association Inc. has been informed by the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency that some users who were on the system for at least one year between October 1974 and February 1991 are eligible to participate in testing for the chemical C8 under the settlement of the class action lawsuit against DuPont. During that time, the Warren water system purchased water from the Little Hocking Water Association. It no longer does so. Residences, or people working or attending Warren Elementary School and St. John’s School, during the above timetable, are eligible. People who drank water containing C8 are eligible to participate in health screenings being done to determine what level of the chemical is in their bodies. The information will be used in the ongoing work to determine if levels of C8 pose a risk to human health," Marietta Times.

WASHINGTON, DC -- Residents found with elevated levels of PFOA, Environmental Science & Technology.
Aug 28:  DEP has no plans to revisit C8 water limit

PARKERSBURG, WV -- "Fueled in large part by information uncovered by lawyers suing DuPont over C8 pollution, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has launched a priority review of the chemical’s dangers. EPA has also sued DuPont for allegedly hiding information about C8 toxicity, and the company is facing a criminal investigation for concealing data about the chemical’s hazards. In May 2002, DEP finalized its 150-part-per-billion C8 limit following a study led by Dee Ann Staats, who was then the agency’s science adviser. Staats’ work on the project was funded by DuPont, and the chemical company had a representative on the study team. The study was launched as part of a November 2001 settlement between DuPont and the DEP to resolve potential C8-related pollution violations by the Washington Works plant," Ken Ward, Jr, Charleston Gazette.
Aug 25:  New discoveries of DuPont C8 pollution in Fayetteville:
Additional concerns raised over government inaction and threat to drinking water

FAYETTEVILLE, N.C. -- "The North Carolina C8 Working Group has found new evidence that ammonium perfluorooctanoate - or C8 - has further contaminated groundwater wells and a discharge channel leading to the Cape Fear River at the DuPont Co. Fayetteville Works. 'This is what happens when you let polluters investigate themselves with no accountability to anyone,' said Rick Dove, southeastern representative for the Waterkeeper Alliance and member of the NC C8 Working Group... The NC C8 Working group is increasingly concerned that DuPont continues to withhold crucial information from the public. The group points to revelations of C8 contamination at a DuPont plant in Circleville, Ohio," PRNewswire.
Aug 24:  DuPont buying bottled water for 12,000 southeastern Ohioans

COLUMBUS -- "Glenna Day will no longer be cooking with or drinking water contaminated with C8, a chemical DuPont uses to make Teflon. DuPont has agreed to pay for bottled water for Day and all 12,000 people who use water from the Little Hocking Water Association in southeastern Ohio, which is across the Ohio River from DuPont’s Washington Works plant in West Virginia. 'I know Little Hocking has pushed them to do it,' Day said of the plan. 'DuPont says there isn’t anything dangerous, but if they’re agreeing to provide bottled water, then what’s going on?' David Altman, the water association’s attorney, said Little Hocking is still interested in a new source of water and that the filter is a stopgap. 'We want it down to zero,' he said of the C8 level," Mike Lafferty, Columbus Dispatch. Access fee; no link.
Aug 23:  Free bottled water available for reimbursement from DuPont

MARIETTA -- "The free bottled water for all customers of the Little Hocking Water and Sewer Association is now available for people who agree to purchase water and save their receipt for reimbursement... DuPont agreed to provide the free bottled water until a carbon filtration system is placed in the Little Hocking water system. The system is being put in place due to the amount of a chemical known as C8 that is in water provided to Little Hocking customers. Allowing people to be reimbursed for their water purchases as of Monday is welcome news to people who have been paying for bottled water. The system has about 12,000 customers, and the free bottled water also affects people who use private wells in the area served by Little Hocking water in western Washington County," Tom Hrach, Marietta Times.

LITTLE HOCKING, WV - Water reimbursement available immediately, Rachel Lane, Parkersbug News and Sentinel.
Aug 22:  Major study warns people to avoid drinking water tainted with Teflon-related chemical

NEW YORK, NY -- "The lead researcher in a major government-funded study, Dr. Edward Emmett, a University of Pennsylvania scientist, has advised Ohio Valley residents to avoid drinking water contaminated with DuPont’s toxic chemical C8... Dr. Emmett also stated that the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection’s so-called safe limit for C8 in drinking water, 150 parts per billion, needs to be changed. While the study did not find a link between the levels of C8 found in Parkersburg area drinking water and diseases of the liver, kidney, or thyroid, it did not examine C8 as a potential to cause cancer or developmental problems in children. Both have been linked to C8 exposure in rat studies," Newsinferno.

Aug 19:  Linking chemicals, cancer is difficult
Recent study contradicts EPA scientists concerning substance found in Teflon

COLUMBUS -- "Health officials researching the risks associated with a chemical DuPont uses to make Teflon might never completely unravel one of its biggest mysteries. Does perfluorooctanoic acid, or C8, cause cancer? The chemical, used to put nonstick and stain- and water-resistant coatings on pans, carpets and clothing, causes liver cancer in lab rats. In June, a panel of U.S. Environmental Protection Agency scientists called it a "likely" human cancer risk. But a recent University of Pennsylvania study of Ohioans whose drinking water is contaminated with C8 was criticized by environmental advocates for skipping cancer altogether. The study, which looked at organ damage, found no evidence that C8 harmed livers, kidneys or thyroid glands. 'We needed a cancer study,' said Simona Vaclavikova, a program director for Ohio Citizen Action. 'And we still need one.' Tying cancer to chemicals is a tricky business, experts say," Spencer Hunt, Columbus Dispatch. Access fee; no link.
Aug 17:  U.S. EPA says C8 was discovered in tests

COLUMBUS -- "Traces of C8 were found in drinking water near DuPont’s Circleville Works plant, despite the company and Ohio environmental officials saying tests came up negative, the U.S. EPA said yesterday. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency said the company found evidence of perfluorooctanoic acid, or C8, in wells used by the Earnhart Hill Regional Water and Sewer District near the plant. DuPont didn’t report the finding because the amount of C8 fell below a detection limit the company set, the agency said... 'We strongly believe the current approach described by DuPont is not appropriate or acceptable,' Cathy Fehrenbacher, a chief with the agency’s pollution prevention and toxics office, wrote. 'The (Earnhart Hill) samples had detectable levels, but DuPont chose to report them as below detection level when they were easily detectable,'" Spencer Hunt, Columbus Dispatch. Access fee; no link.

CIRCLEVILLE - U.S. EPA finds C8 in drinking water near Circleville, Associated Press.

VINCENT -- Diseases, DuPont chemical not linked, Brian Farkas, Associated Press.

PHILADELPHIA, PA -- Study: No link for Teflon, disease, Tom Avril, Philadelphia Inquirer.
Aug 16:  DuPont agrees to finance bottled water program for LHWA service area

LITTLE HOCKING -- "DuPont has agreed to finance a program to have bottled water made available to persons living within the LHWA service area. This limited offering, which will continue until the carbon filtration system is operational, will provide bottled water for drinking and cooking and will be administered by the LHWA. DuPont has taken this action because the company realizes that the recent publication of the amount of C-8 found in the blood among LHWA customers may concern some of LHWA's customers and because the LHWA well fields are uniquely situated. As is generally known, DuPont has agreed to finance, construct and install a carbon filtration system designed to remove C-8 from the water supplied by the LHWA to its customers. DuPont anticipates this system will be operational within a few months," Robert L. Griffin, Little Hocking Water Association.

  • Findings by U Penn Researcher on Teflon Chemical, briefing memo, Environmental Working Group.

  • Summary of Community C8 study, Edward Emmett, MD, University of Pennsylvania.

    VINCENT -- Avoid C8 water, researcher says, Ken Ward Jr., Charleston Gazette.

    VINCENT -- Residents skeptical of C8 study, Kevin Pierson and Justin McIntosh, Marietta Times.

    LITTLE HOCKING, WV -- DuPont Decides to Phase Out Controversial Chemical, Katie Sabatino, WTAP News.

    VINCENT -- Researcher says no link between Teflon chemical, major diseases, Canton Repository.
  • Aug 15:  Research group to provide results of C8 study today

    VINCENT -- "Little Hocking Water Association customers will have an opportunity Monday to find out how the chemical C8 is affecting them, as an independent research group releases the full results of its C8 study. An informational meeting will be held at 7 p.m. Monday at Warren High School, led by Edward A. Emmett, professor of occupational and environmental medicine at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, who headed the study. Early results of the government-sponsored study were released in late July but most of the information will come out for the first time at the meeting, Emmett said Friday... Already released from the study of 326 Belpre, Little Hocking, Cutler and Vincent residents was that the levels of C8 in the residents’ blood was 60 to 80 times higher than in the general population. Also the study confirmed that C8 in the water supply was the main cause of the high levels," Kate York, Parkersburg New and Sentinel.

    Aug 12:  DuPont C8 tests OK with EPA
    State agency is not concerned that federal EPA suspects company might be withholding data

    CIRCLEVILLE -- "The Ohio EPA said it trusted DuPont to test air and water for C8 contamination near its Circleville plant and to tell the public about the results. More than a year later, the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency has not received some of the results. And Du-Pont waited nine months before it told a group of local officials and residents that perfluorooctanoic acid, or C8, was not a problem there. The testing and what followed occurred at the same time DuPont faces U.S. EPA accusations of illegally withholding information about the possible health risks of C8, a chemical the company uses to make Teflon...Simona Vaclavikova, program director for the advocacy group Ohio Citizen Action, said the Ohio EPA should have been involved in the entire testing process. 'Why should we trust DuPont to do all these tests?' she said," Spencer Hunt, Columbus Dispatch. Access fee; no link.

    Aug 11:  C8 test data secret for months
    DuPont revealed in April that EPA had it run tests for chemical in í04

    COLUMBUS -- "Environmental officials relied on DuPont to tell the public about health concerns that the state has about a chemical the company uses at its Circleville plant. DuPont, which faces two federal investigations over its use of C8 at a West Virginia plant along the Ohio River, waited nine months to tell an invited group of mostly Pickaway County officials about a chemical a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency panel calls a likely carcinogen. Records show that although the Ohio EPA knew C8 was released into the Scioto River and into the air at DuPont’s Circleville Works plant as early as July 2004, the agency’s inquiry wasn’t announced until DuPont told the group in April. 'They should be in a lot of hot water for knowing this and not letting anyone else know,' said Simona Vaclavikova, program director for Ohio Citizen Action, which has worked with Ohio residents living near Washington Works plant near Parkersburg, W.Va.," Columbus Dispatch. Access fee; no link.

    CIRCLEVILLE -- Ohio residents concerned about chemical in water, NBC 4.

    RALEIGH, NC -- Nonstick cookware risk in question, Suzanne Havala Hobbs, News & Observer.

    Aug 10:  Chemical found at Circleville plant site

    CIRCLEVILLE -- "A chemical used to make Teflon has been found in the air near DuPont’s Circleville plant and in wastewater that trickles into the Scioto River. Perfluorooctanoic acid, or C8, started a firestorm in southern Ohio after it was found in drinking water in five Ohio towns and in as many communities in West Virginia...Ohio EPA records obtained by The Dispatch show C8 was found in wastewater tests Du-Pont conducted in July and in October 2004 at the Circleville plant. DuPont has tested for C8 in wells used for drinking water in Pickaway and Ross counties...In December, the Circleville plant began incinerating its wastewater contaminated with C8 instead of sending it through water treatment, plant manager Rob Banerjee said. DuPont has agreed to reduce or eliminate its use of C8 by the end of 2006, he added...Banerjee said DuPont told Pickaway County officials about the issue this year. 'They didn’t think they were doing the community any harm,' said County Commissioner John Stevenson. 'Do I have total confidence that there’s nothing there? No, not exactly. But I was given evidence that there’s nothing harmful there and that they’re trying to control it,'" Spencer Hunt, Columbus Dispatch. Access fee; no link.

    CIRCLEVILLE -- C8 found in wastewater, air at DuPont's Circleville plant, Akron Beacon Journal.

    DEEPWATER, NJ -- Union raps DuPont on C-8 disclosure, Steelworkers urge health warnings on products, Jeff Montgomery, Delaware News Journal.

    Aug 9:  Steelworkers Union alerts commercial users of DuPont Teflon-related chemical about 'Duty to Warn' customers of possible harm

    PITTSBURGH, PA -- "Citing growing public health concerns, the United Steelworkers (USW) union has informed major carpet cleaning retailers and wholesalers, fast food chains, and major retail clothing companies that they may have "a legal duty to warn" their customers about potential harmful effects of products that may contain the chemical perfluorooctanoic acid, also known as PFOA or C8. PFOA is used to manufacture DuPont's widely used Teflon non-stick cookware. PFOA is also created when fluorotelomers -- which are a family of stain and water resistant chemicals -- break down. Fluorotelomers are applied to carpets, clothing, pizza boxes, hamburger wrappers and french fry containers. DuPont is the only known manufacturer of PFOA in the U.S.," press release, United Steel Workers.

    Aug 4:  Testing for Teflon chemical under way along Ohio River

    COLUMBUS -- "Testing of up to 80,000 Ohio and West Virginia residents is under way to determine whether their health has been affected by drinking water containing a chemical used to make Teflon. DuPont agreed in February to pay for the screenings to settle a class-action lawsuit. The testing, which is expected to last a year, involves the collection of personal health histories and blood samples from residents who receive their drinking water from six public-water districts, or from private wells within the districts, where concentrations of ammonium perfluorooctanoate, or C8, have been found. The water supplies are near DuPont’s Washington Works plant, along the Ohio River near Parkersburg, W.Va.," Associated Press, Access fee; no link.

    CHARLESTON, WV -- C8 health screenings begin in West Virginia, JoAnn Elmer, Charleston State Journal.

    Aug 3:  Sticky situation: debate over safety of Teflon

    ALBANY, NY -- "Don Klesa sighs at the question. He's been hearing it for years as customers stop in Different Drummer's Kitchen in Guilderland N.Y. and consider a nonstick pan. Is it safe? 'There are people that come in and say, 'Should I be concerned about this?' and I tell them, 'Not if you use it properly,' he said. But adding legitimacy to the questions about Teflon is a panel of scientists enlisted by the EPA, which took a critical look at the wonder coating used on everything from skillets and pizza boxes to flooring and fabrics... David Carpenter, physician and director of the State University of New York at Albany's Institute for Health and the Environment, said he expects PFOA's to go the way of another once-useful cocktail of chemicals known as PCBs... 'I certainly would advise people not to purchase Teflon-coated cookware,' he said, adding that he's not as concerned about an immediate danger to the people who use the pans. But buying the products only puts more PFOAs into the environment," Jennifer Gish, Albany Times Union.

    ARLINGTON, VA -- Are our products our enemy?, Elizabeth Weise, USA Today .

    PARKERSBURG, WV-- C8 testing under way, Pamela Brust, Parkersburg News and Sentinel.

    RALEIGH, NC ó Activists ask for oversight over DuPont , Michael Wagner, Fayetteville Online.

    Aug 1:  Report shows toxic chemicals prevalent in Americans' bodies

    WASHINGTON, DC -- "The most worrisome news, from the Environmental Working Group, shows that even in utero, babies have an average of 200 chemical contaminants in their bloodstreams. The EWG report analyzed 10 samples of umbilical-cord blood taken by the American Red Cross across the country. The most prevalent chemicals in the newborns were mercury, fire retardants, pesticides and the Teflon chemical perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), recently characterized as a likely human carcinogen by the Environmental Protection Agency’s Science Advisory Board. 'If ever we had proof that our nation’s pollution laws aren’t working, it’s reading the list of industrial chemicals in the bodies of babies who have not yet lived outside the womb,' U.S. Rep. Louise Slaughter, D-N.Y., said of the EWG report in a press release," Shannon Brennan, Lynchburg News and Advance.

    Jul 28:  Ohioans found full of C8 near DuPont plant

    COLUMBUS -- "Ohioans who live across the Ohio River from a DuPont plant in West Virginia that makes Teflon have much higher-than-normal levels of a controversial chemical in their blood. The plant’s neighbors have up to 80 times as much C8 in their blood as most other Americans, probably from their drinking water, according to a health study issued yesterday... Officials of the Little Hocking Water Association, which supplies water to most of the 326 people tested, said they hope to use the information to persuade DuPont to pay for a new system to pipe in clean water. 'We want water without any C8 or perfluorinated compounds,' said Bob Griffin, the associationís general manager... Health studies suggest that most people’s bodies have C8 levels of 5 parts per billion. Emmett’s study of four Ohio River communities found median blood levels ranging from 298 parts per billion in Belpre, Ohio, to 369 parts per billion in Vincent, Ohio. While researchers continue to study how C8 gets into humans worldwide, Emmett said drinking water was the prime source for southeastern Ohioans," Spencer Hunt, Columbus Dispatch. Access fee; no link.

    CHARLESTON, WV -- Study says humans ingest C8 through drinking water , Brian Farkas, Associated Press.

    MARIETTA -- New study finds levels of chemical up in people using water , Justin McIntosh, Marietta Times.

    PARKERSBURG, WV -- C-8 testing begins , Amber Davison, WTAP TV.

    Jul 27:  Is there an extra ingredient in nonstick pans?

    WASHINGTON, DC -- "The question of whether Teflon cookware is safe has moved from Web site chatter to the courtroom. But more than nonstick frying pans are under scrutiny these days. Scientists are examining the chemical makeup of other products like food containers to gauge their potential hazards... Several animal studies, including one by the Environmental Protection Agency, show that fluorotelomers, chemicals used in food packaging as well as in rugs and clothing, break down into PFOA in the environment and when ingested... Fluorotelomers are used in microwaveable popcorn bags, in packaging for fast foods like sandwiches, chicken and French fries, as well as in packaging for pizza, bakery items, drinks and candy. They are also found in paper plates. There is currently no way for consumers to tell if packaging contains fluorotelomers," Marion Burros, New York Times.

    Jul 26:  Toxic Waste
    New research reveals that children--and even newborns--have dangerous chemicals in their blood. What parents can do to protect their kids.

    WASHINGTON, DC -- "Doctors once thought that the placenta would shield a fetus from harmful chemicals and pollutants. But new research shows that may not be the case. A study published this month by the Environmental Working Group (EWG), an advocacy group based in Washington DC, found traces of 287 chemicals in the umbilical cord blood of 10 infants. They included mercury, pesticides and the chemicals used in stain-resistant coating and fire-retardant foam. The findings prompted concerns since children’s smaller brains, developing organs and more porous brains put them more at risk from such toxins than adults. 'A child's brain is very vulnerable and developing very rapidly in utero and during the first two years of life,' says Jane Houlihan, co-author of the study," Martha Brant, Newsweek.

    Jul 24:  Will Environmental Fear Stick to DuPont's Teflon?

    WASHINGTON, DC -- "Critics point to [perfluorooctanoic acid, also known as PFOA or C8] as an example of the need to change how chemicals are regulated. In the 50 years that Teflon has been made, for example, little has been done to assess whether it affects human health - even though the chemical is present in the blood of more than 90 percent of Americans, according to samples taken from blood banks by the 3M Company beginning in the mid-90's. Chemical makers are not required to test their compounds for toxicity before asking the E.P.A. to clear them for sale, and the agency said that most companies did not test voluntarily. The E.P.A. relies instead on methods, like computer modeling, to prevent harmful compounds from entering the market...'The system does not work, and our blood and bodies and tissues are proof,' said David M. Ozonoff, a professor of environmental health at Boston University's School of Public Health," Amy Cortese, New York Times.

    Jul 23:  Water system conducts C8 tests

    MARIETTA -- " The level of the chemical C8 in the blood of a small group of Little Hocking Water Association customers has recently been found to be much higher than residents living in Lubeck, W.Va., much closer to the DuPont Washington Works plant where the chemical is used. The chemical, which has been used by DuPont at its Washington Works plant across the Ohio River from Belpre and Little Hocking since the 1950s, has been a health concern for many residents and officials in the Belpre and Little Hocking areas. A link between C8 and diseases in humans hasn’t been established but concerns about the chemical’s presence in area water systems persists. DuPont officials maintain the chemical is not harmful to humans," Justin McIntosh, Marietta Times.

    Jul 22:  Dozens of chemicals found in most Americans' bodies

    WASHINGTON, DC -- "In the largest study of chemical exposure ever conducted on human beings, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported Thursday that most American children and adults were carrying in their bodies dozens of pesticides and toxic compounds used in consumer products, many of them linked to potential health threats...Environmental groups have called for U.S. law to require chemical companies to test industrial compounds more comprehensively, a proposal similar to one that the European Parliament is to debate in the fall. The evidence that many contaminants amass in children more than in adults could mean that they are exposed to larger amounts — perhaps from crawling, breathing more rapidly or putting items in their mouths — or that their bodies are less able to cope with or metabolize them. In the womb and in the first two years after birth, children undergo extraordinary cell growth, from brain neurons to immune cells, so there are more opportunities for toxic compounds to disrupt the cells," Marla Cone, Los Angeles Times.

    WASHINGTON, DC -- CDC: Levels of harmful materials in blood fall, Jeff Montgomery, Delaware News Journal.

    CHARLESTON, WV -- Honest Science under siege, Conflicts of interest, 'seeding results' and a broken monitoring system erode the public's trust, Tim Montague, OhmyNews International.

    Jul 21:  Residents demand answers about C-8
    Customers in affected districts are told not to drink water until more questions are answered.

    POINT PLEASANT, WV-- "Stella Mash, 64, wants to know whether a substance that has seeped into her water supply caused the cancer that killed her 39-year-old daughter earlier this year. For years, rumors have circulated that C-8, a substance used to make Teflon by DuPont's Wood County plant, causes cancer. At least six local water districts in West Virginia and Ohio, including Mash's in Mason County, are known to be contaminated with C-8... 'It's impossible for us to make an informed decision,'said Point Pleasant resident Ben Stevens. 'We drink this water. We bathe in it. We wash our clothes in it. It's impossible with the information we're being given to know what to do. We live here. We have to take the risk. It's like playing Russian roulette with our drinking water,'" JoAnn C. Elmer, State Journal.

    MIAMI, FL -- Suits challenge safety of Teflon, Knight Ridder.

    Jul 20:  Suit targets DuPont over Teflon

    WASHINGTON, DC -- "Residents of Ohio and seven other states are filing a $5 billion class-action lawsuit against DuPont Co. saying the chemical giant long failed to warn consumers on the dangers of a Teflon chemical. Two Florida law firms said Tuesday they were filing the suit on behalf of 14 people who bought and used cookware with the nonstick Teflon. It is made using perfluorooctanoic acid and its salts, known as PFOA, or C-8. The plaintiffs want DuPont to spend $5 billion to replace the cookware, impose a Teflon warning label and create two funds to pay for medical monitoring and more scientific research, said Alan Kluger of Miami-based Kluger, Peretz, Kaplan & Berlin, P.L... 'DuPont has known for over 20 years that the Teflon product and the PFOA chemical it contains causes cancer in laboratory animals,' Kluger said. 'I donít have to prove that it causes cancer. I only have to prove that DuPont lied in a massive attempt to continue selling their product,'" John Heilprin, Plain Dealer.

    WOOD COUNTY -- Independent tests find higher levels of C8, Callie Lyons, Athens News Messenger.

    WASHINGTON, DC -- Dupont sued over alleged carcinogen, Patrick Danner, Miami Herald.

    HOUSTON, TX-- DuPont sued in Teflon class action case, Matt Daily, Reuters.

    Jul 19:  What is the Risk?
    Government tries to solve C8 puzzle

    WASHINGTON, DC -- "While there is still no definitive answer to the question, 'Is C8 a health risk to humans?' two federal agencies are trying to put together pieces of the puzzle. Last week, the Environmental Protection Agency’s Science Advisory Board, a panel of independent scientists, released their draft report on PFOA – also known as PFOA or perfluorooctanoic acid - with a warning that they believe the substance is more harmful than initially suspected, calling it a 'likely human carcinogen.' Preliminary results of a Food and Drug Administration study shared with an audience in Barcelona, Spain reveal that the controversial manmade chemical is potentially being served up to millions of unaware consumers daily - not through plant emissions or landfill pollution - but as a common ingredient in popular food packaging," Callie Lyons, first of five articles printed in the Athens News Messenger, July 6, 2005.
    Part Two | Part Three | Part Four | Part Five

    Jul 18:  Dupont to pay for health testing

    PARKERSBURG, WV -- "The non-stick substance Teflon is made at a DuPont plant near the Ohio-West Virginia border. The groundwater around this area has been contaminated by a chemical used to make Teflon. The chemical is known as C8. Now, 60,000 residents will be tested to find out whether the chemical is harmful to human health. It could end up being the largest public health screening to occur in the United States...The testing is just getting underway on people who have been drinking water contaminated by C8. It's being done as part of the settlement of a class-action lawsuit against the company. Residents of nearby water districts accuse the company of witholding information about the health threats posed by C8. Project coordinator Art Maher says medical histories, personal information and blood samples will be collected from the test subjects, who will be paid for their participation,'" Fred Kight, Great Lakes Radio Consortium.
    Jul 18:  C8 found in food packaging: but where?

    ATHENS -- "Preliminary data from the Food and Drug Administration suggests that small amounts of C8 can migrate into food from some popular types of paper food packaging. Despite DuPont’s conclusion that the substance poses no threat to humans, scientists and environmentalists advocate reducing or eliminating the pathways of exposure," Callie Lyons, Athens Messenger.
    Jul 16:  Toxic chemicals found in umbilical cord blood

    BOSTON, MA -- "A group of scientists and medical experts Thursday called for broader research on the effects of toxic chemicals on newborn babies in the wake of a national study that found dozens of possibly harmful chemicals in human umbilical cord blood. Unborn babies are potentially being exposed to fire retardants, methylmercury, and pesticides that may cause abnormal development or increased cancer risks, environmental advocates warned... Scientists until recently believed that fetuses were protected from toxic chemicals by the placenta, the organ that receives nutrients from the mother's blood and filters out waste. However, the study's authors, along with environmental advocates, believe that the umbilical cord also carries industrial chemicals and other pollutants to the fetus," Erik Arvidson, North Adams Transcript.
    Jul 15:  Womb fails to shield babies from pollution
    Tests on umbilical cord blood find hundreds of industrial chemicals

    WASHINGTON, DC -- "Babies enter the world with hundreds of industrial chemicals, solvents and pesticides in their veins, according to a new study of umbilical cord blood released by the Environmental Working Group. The finding, in the words of one public health expert, 'completely destroys the long-held medical myth that the placenta is an impervious barrier.' The pollutants, the study concludes, cross the placenta as easily as residue from cigarettes or alcohol. 'To the same degree scientists have found toxic chemicals invading the bodies of adults,' said Bill Walker, the group's West Coast president,' we are now finding they can reach infants in the womb, so they are literally born polluted,'" Douglas Fischer, The Argus.

    BANGOR -- Toxins in Babies' Blood Prompt Call for Action Of 297 Chemicals Found in Study , 180 May Cause Cancer, 200 Source of Birth Defects, Bangor Daily News.
    Jul 14:  Toxic chemicals by the hundred found in blood of newborns

    WASHINGTON, DC -- "Exposure to hundreds of toxic chemicals begins in the womb, finds a new study of the umbilical cord blood of 10 American newborns commissioned by the Environmental Working Group... The analysis tested for pollutants including mercury, fire retardants, pesticides and a chemical used in the production of Teflon, PFOA. In total, the babies' blood had 287 chemicals, including 209 never before detected in cord blood. 'For years scientists have studied pollution in the air, water, land and in our food. Recently they've investigated its health impacts on adults. Now we find this pollution is reaching babies during vital stages of development,' said Jane Houlihan, EWG vice president for research, from the group's office in Washington, DC. 'These findings raise questions about the gaps in our federal safety net. Instead of rubber-stamping almost every new chemical that industry invents, we've got to strengthen and modernize the laws that are supposed to protect Americans from pollutants,'" Environmental News Service.
    WASHINGTON, DC -- Study: Toxins found in newborns, Kevin Lamb, Dayton Daily News.

    WASHINGTON, DC -- Unborn babies soaked in chemicals, survey finds, Maggie Fox, Reuters.
    Jul 13:  Meeting brings out capacity crowds

    BELPRE -- "Hundreds of people attended an informational session concerning the C8 Health Project Tuesday night in Belpre. Hundreds of others walked away with only a pamphlet and other printed material because there wasn't enough room for them at the Belpre Middle School cafeteria. The session was the second in a series of public meetings held to explain how health information and blood samples would be collected from area residents who have been drinking water containing the chemical ammonium perfluorooctanate, commonly known as C8. The substance is used at DuPontís Washington Works in the process of making Teflon and has been detected in the water supplies of a number of communities, including Belpre and Little Hocking," Tim Brust, Parkersburg News and Sentinel.

    WASHINGTON, DC -- DuPont Teflon-Chemical woes coincide with drop in share price, International Labor Communications Association.
    Jul 12:  C8 health project meetings begin

    WASHINGTON, WV -- "A massive project began at Blennerhassett Junior High School Monday evening as residents of Lubeck Public Service District learned they will be the first of six public service districts tested for ammonium perfluorooctanate, or C8, in their bodies and how that might relate to their health. The meeting packed the school's auditorium with up to 900 people listening to Art Maher and Dr. Paul Brooks Jr., who announced the C8 Health Project is slated to begin collecting health information and blood samples for the Lubeck district as soon as two modular units are set up behind Tebay Dairy. As a part of DuPont's settlement in the class action, Brooks said a $70 million fund will take care of the testing. Each participant will be paid $150 to complete a health questionnaire and another $250 for a blood sample," Connie Dale, Parkersburg News and Sentinel.

    PARKERSBURG -- 800 get briefing on C8 screenings, Health study to focus on residents near DuPont plant, Charleston Gazette.

    CHARLESTON, WV -- 80,000 residents await chemical health screenings, Brian Farkas, Canton Repository.

    PARKERSBURG, WV -- Our opinion: Screenings could answer key questions concerning C8, Editorial, Marietta Times.
    Jul 9:  Screenings to begin in July or August

    VIENNA, WV -- "A health screening project, which will test levels of the chemical C8 in the blood of residents in six water districts, is scheduled to begin in late July or early August. Ammonium perfluorooctanate, commonly known as C8, is used by DuPont Washington Works in the manufacture of Teflon and has been discharged into area water supplies. As part of a settlement in a class action lawsuit filed against DuPont, the company agreed to fund up $70 million for the blood testing. Once the testing is complete, the results will be turned over to an independent scenitific panel made up of three epidemiologists agreed upon by both sides in the suit, to determine if there is a link between C8 and human disease," Pamela Brust, Parkersburg News and Sentinel.
    Jul 8:  DuPontís editing of stateís reports on C8 worries Little Hocking customers

    MARIETTA -- Court records uncovered last week show DuPont regularly reviewed and edited West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection media releases concerning C8, which has area residents concerned about what else the company might be trying to keep from the public... According to the Charleston Gazette, West Virginia state environmental regulators planned to warn area residents that C8 was spread through several pathways, including by air, in March 2002. But before the public was notified, the DEP squashed the news release after complaints from a DuPont lawyer, according to the Gazette... According to the Gazette, Dee Ann Staats, a toxicologist hired as the DEP’s science adviser, insisted that DuPont review, edit and approve all C8 related statements issued by the state. Staats was also accused in 2002 of destroying notes, correspondence and other C8-related documents so they could not be used in civil suits," Brad Bauer, Marietta Times.

    CHARLESTON, WV -- Health screenings for Teflon to start, Brian Farkas, Akron Beacon Journal.
    Jul 7:  Our opinion: C8 issue is no place for meddling with government

    Marietta Times logoMARIETTA -- "We know it's an issue on readers' minds and reports that the Department of Environmental Protection in West Virginia was allowing DuPont to dictate what information went out to the public on C8 makes us that much more concerned. The DEP's practice was revealed through depositions given in connection to the lawsuit. In a sworn statement, a former spokesman for the DEP outlined how DuPont officials were given the authority to approve DEP press releases. We think that's an outrage and once again raises into question whether the DEP truly is objective or credible in its handling of the C8 issue," editorial, Marietta Times.

    David Ozonoff
    David Ozonoff, Boston University School of Public Health professor and chairman of the schoolís department of environmental health.
    DOVER, DE -- Review board members differ on potential risks of Teflon chemical. "During a public teleconference Wednesday to discuss the report, some panel members expressed concern that the change in wording, which they revealed was the subject of extensive debate at a February meeting, may lead people to make unwarranted assumptions about [Teflon chemical perfluorooctanoic acid]. Panel members agreed to revise the report to incorporate more text on the range of their opinions, but they gave no indication that any significant changes would be made in their conclusions. 'I actually think there's been a remarkable amount of consensus on this panel, and I would be careful about using phraseology that suggests there was not,' said David Ozonoff, a professor of environmental health at Boston University," Randall Chase, Associated Press.

    CHARLESTON, WV -- Public comment needed for DuPont permit changes, Parkersburg News and Sentinel.
    Jul 6:  Government tries to solve C8 puzzle

    ATHENS -- ". . .last November in Barcelona, Spain, FDA researcher Timothy Begley revealed some of his preliminary findings while speaking at the Third International Symposium on Food Packaging. Begley's oral presentation outlined specific testing done by the FDA in researching the potential food migration of PFOA. However, the study is not limited to exposure via Teflon cookware. On the contrary, Begley's preliminary findings show that PFOA is more likely to migrate from coated paper food packaging. Begley concluded that PFOA does migrate from PTFE (Teflon), but that Teflon coated cookware does not appear to be a significant source of PFOA. 'Paper coatings potentially are a significant source of fluorochemicals. Some paper applications potentially 100 micrograms fluorotelomer per serving,' Begley said. Begley's presentation also indicated that little to no PFOA was found to migrate from popcorn bags, but that more work is needed to characterize the comprehensive exposure to fluorochemicals from food packaging," Callie Lyons, Athens Messenger.
    Jul 3:  DuPont lawyer edited West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection's C8 media releases

    CHARLESTON, WV -- "In early March 2002, state environmental regulators planned to warn Wood County residents that the toxic chemical C8 was spreading across the area through air emissions from DuPont Co.'s Parkersburg plant. 'It is increasingly likely that the chemical is being spread in several ways -- in groundwater, in the soil and now by air,' said a draft news release written by then-Department of Environmental Protection spokesman Andy Gallagher. But the public never got that news. The DEP killed its release after complaints from a DuPont lawyer, according to records obtained under the federal Freedom of Information Act. Last week, Gallagher confirmed in an interview that Dee Ann Staats, a toxicologist hired as the DEPís science adviser, insisted that DuPont review, edit and approve all C8-related statements issued by the state," Ken Ward Jr., Charleston Gazette.
    Jul 1:  Steelworkers encourage U.S. EPA to adopt science board findings, restrict worker and public exposures from Teflon chemical

    NASHVILLE, TN -- "'We represent 1,800 DuPont workers as well thousands of other workers in the paper and chemical industries who come into daily contact with [Teflon chemical perfluorooctanoic acid],' added [United Steelworkers President Leo] Gerard. 'A safe substitute . . . must be found to preserve these jobs,'" release, United Steelworkers.